Framing the Opioid Crisis

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Framing the Opioid Crisis

Why this project?

Across Canada, in the first half of 2018, 2066 apparent opioid related deaths occurred. This means more than 9000 lives were lost between January 2016 and June 2018 relating to opioids (almost the entire population of Wallaceburg).

An average of 17 people were hospitalized for opioid poisonings in Canada each day in 2017 – an increase from 16 per day in 2016. In 2017, opioid poisoning hospitalization rates in smaller communities were 2.5 times higher than rates in Canada’s largest cities.

Between 2016 & 2017, the rate of emergency department visits for opioid poisonings increased by 73% in Ontario.

Windsor-Essex

ED Visits

2007 - 70 visits

60%

2008 - 75 visits

65%

2009 - 90 visits

80%

2010 - 112 visits

92%

2011 - 85 visits

75%

2012 - 110 visits

90%

2013 - 100 visits

85%

2014 - 90 visits

80%

2015 - 87 visits

77%

2016 - 112 visits

92%

2017 - 190 visits

100%

Hospitalizations

2007 - 40 hospitalized

40%

2008 - 38 hospitalized

38%

2009 - 45 hospitalized

45%

2010 - 47 hospitalized

47%

2011 - 45 hospitalized

45%

2012 - 50 hospitalized

50%

2013 - 48 hospitalized

48%

2014 - 45 hospitalized

45%

2015 - 58 hospitalized

58%

2016 - 52 hospitalized

52%

2017 - 55 hospitalized

55%

Hospital Visits

  1. In 2018, in Windsor-Essex County (WEC) there were 220 (preliminary statistic) opioid-related emergency department (ED) visits which is 2.8 times greater than the 78 opioid overdose ED visits in 2007.
  2. The highest number of opioid overdoses was experienced by males ages 25 to 44 years.
  3. Substance use ED visits occurred on average 3 cases daily in 2018.

Overdose Deaths

  1. In 2017, there were 36 opioid overdose deaths reported by the Office of the Chief Coroner of Ontario. The majority of deaths were among City of Windsor residents.
  2. The manner of these deaths was primarily by accident, 84% followed by suicide, 14%.
  3. 68% of accident opioid-related deaths in WEC were among male residents between the ages of 25 to 44.
  4. 51% of opioid-related deaths in WEC occurred indoors at a private residence.
  5. The most common opioid identified in these deaths was fentanyl.