Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) can be transmitted when an HIV negative person engages in high-risk activities with an HIV positive person, primarily during unprotected vaginal or condomless anal sex, as well as when people share needles or other injection equipment that have been used by an HIV positive person.
The virus has the ideal conditions to enter the blood stream of an HIV negative person during these activities and begin to attack the body’s immune system.
HIV can only be transmitted from one person to another if one person engaging in the unsafe practice is HIV positive.
In order to contract HIV the following conditions must be met:
What is AIDS?
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a condition diagnosed by a physician when an HIV positive person’s immune system is weakened to the point that their ability to fight off other illnesses and infections (Opportunistic Infections) is severely compromised.
Common opportunistic infections include:
- Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia
- Fungal Infections
- Mycobacterium Avium Complex
- Cervical Dysplasia/Cervical Cancer
- Active Tuberculosis
- Encephalitis due to HIV
- AIDS related Neuro-Degenerative Disease (Dementia)
- Herpes Simplex (Last over one month)